• The pathologist's diagnosis of a tissue sample plays a key role in determining what kind of treatment patients receive, and what sort of outcomes they can expect. But because of errors such as mislabeling and cross contamination, specimens in the lab can be mistaken for those of another patient, leading to misdiagnosis.

  • The consequences of patient misidentification can include:

    • False positive diagnoses and costly, unnecessary surgery
    • False negative diagnoses and inadequate treatment
    • Lab/hospital liability for misdiagnosis
    • Litigation against lab/hospital because of misdiagnosis